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The royal household, with its hundreds of retainers, and the households of nobles, often numbering as many as 150 to 250 persons, also necessitated an efficient foodservice...
In providing for the various needs, strict cost accounting was necessary, and here, perhaps, marks the beginning of the present-day scientific foodservice cost accounting..." ---West and Wood's Introduction to Foodservice, June Payne-Palacio & Monica Theis, editors [Prentice-Hall: Upper Saddle River NJ] 9th edition, 2001 (p.
5-6) While public eateries existed in Ancient Rome and Sung Dynasty China, restaurants (we know them today), are generally credited to 18th century France.
The genesis is quite interesting and not at all what most people expect.
Menus, offering dishes individually portioned, priced and prepared to order, were introduced to the public for the first time. This was the first restaurant in the modern sense of the term." ---Larousse Gastronomiqe, completely revised and updated [Clarkson Potter: New York] 1999 (p. Mathurin Roze de Chantoiseau in Paris, 1766 "According to Spang, the forgotten inventor was Mathurin Roze de Chantoiseau, a figure so perfectly emblematic of his time that he almost seems like an invention himself.
The son of a landowner and merchant, Roze moved to Paris in the early 1760s and began floating a variety of schemes he believed would enrich him and his country at the same time."
It was a coffee house, hence the word "cafe." Cafes were places educated people went to share ideas and new discoveries.
Patrons spent several hours in these establishments in one "sitting." This trend caught on in Europe on the 17th century.
Cook-caterers (traiteurs) also served hungry patrons. The history of these two professions is historically connected and often difficult to distinguish.Medieval travelers dined at inns, taverns, monestaries and hostelries.Colonial America continued this tradition in the form of legislated Publick Houses.The French Revolution launched the modern the restaurant industry.It relaxed the legal rights of guilds that [since the Middle Ages] were licensed by the king to control specific foods [eg.